Hung Fa Yi Wing Chun Research
Hung Fa Yi Wing Chun Kuen (The Red Flower Righteous Wing Chun Boxer Society)
Hung Fa Yi Wing Chun Kuen is a clear and complete combat system unique unto itself. It is more important to understand the underlying concepts, theories, and principles, of the system rather than the individual techniques. The techniques serve to prove the concepts, theories, and principles. The development of position, timing, and energy flow of the practitioner are the most important aspects to fully understand and implement the system. This can only be fully appreciated and learned by a dedicated and serious student.
The beauty of the system is the depth of its simplicity. The value of the system is in the knowledge of how to deal with energy which can be applied in all aspects of one's daily life. The strength of the system lies in the fact that no additions or subtractions to the existing concepts, theories, and principles of the system are necessary.
For over three centuries, this branch of Wing Chun has been hidden. Only until recently is was referred to as Hung Suen Wing Chun Kuen to the public. But for the insiders it is known as Hung Fa Yi Wing Chun Kuen. Since the days of Grand Master Chueng Ng (a.k.a Tan Sao Ng) in the early 1700's, Wing Chun was only taught within the halls of the Shaolin Monasteries until Cheung Ng brought the Wing Chun System out from the Hung Fa Ting (the Red Flower Court) to the public.
A. Formal Bowing
Right hand Wu Sau on top of the Left hand Fist. Line up on Middle Reference Point. Left hand dragon (fist), right hand tiger (palm), center point position. Meaning: Coming from Shaolin warrior monks.
Extend the arms to the High Reference Point, bow, and then seperate them so that the fist and fingertips of the palm point towards the temple. Meaning: The Shaolin warriors going out to the Martial Arts community.
Change to Tan Da, maintain High Reference Point elbows on the Yin line. Meaning: we are from the Wing Chun Tong in the Southern Shaolin Temple.
Pull back with open hands B. Logo
The Gold Star represents its origin from the Han Nation, wisdom, and the five stages of combat.
The 6 pedaled flower represents the six gates in HFY, the human combat formation. It also represents the Buddhist concepts of the 6 senses or sense bases (salayatana = eyes, ears, nose, tongue, body, and mind). The six Chinese characters within the flower pedals are as follows:
Hung (red) represents the first emperor of the Ming Dynasty who overthrew the Mongols. He belonged to the Red Turban secret society.
Fa (Flower) represents Shaolin Chan (Zen) via the Da Mo parable about a lecture on reality and only on student comprehended the essence of a flower
Yi (Righteousness) represents the sacrifice and high personal standard of character it takes to be a martial hero
Wing (Praising) represents the character used to name the art after the destruction of the Southern Temple. It allides to passing on the art orally.
Chun (Spring) is a Chan (Zen) concept symbolizing rebirth - in this case, rebirth of the Ming Dynasty.
Kuen (Fist) represents the close querter combat nature of the system. The Buddhist Symbol (backwards Swastika) from Shaolin Chan (Zen) represents the Buddhist heart, a symbol of good fortune and blessing. It also symbolizes the master key that opens the door to every science. The four arms express the succession of generations and the different stages of life (birth, life, death, and immortality) when it faces a clockwise direction. It also points to the four harmonies of nature when pointed clockwise. When oriented counter clockwise, it represents the counter to the currents of nature. It depicts the paradox of life itself - the fact that without death there is no life. It's the buddhist belief about the meaning between life and death within nature, meaning you have to understand death to know life. As realities change, there are always paradoxes. There are many paradoxes between war and peace: For example:
In wartime, we intentionally go into dark, dangerous places in bad weather. We would not enter such places under such conditions during peacetime and consider that action to be harmonious with reality. In wartime, killing is considered honorable and courageous. In peacetime, killing is considered criminal. Wartime preparation is supposed to ensure peace. Understanding these paradoxes helps one to cope with his immediate reality more effectively. During the late 17th Century, the Shaolin warriors were in desperate struggle for their country, so the counter clockwise swastika was used.
The Baht Jom Doa expresses the struggle between the Ming and Ching dynasties. It represents the Hung Fa Yi warriors and martial heroes.
Ying/Yang represents harmony - the highest level of combat capability. Warriors display optimum efficiency and a true comprehension of immediate reality.
Hung Fa Yi Wing Chun Kuen(The Red Flower Righteous Wing Chun Boxer Society)
Major Components of the System
Together the following components teach a complete theory of science and strategies to advanced students, called the Wing Chun Formula
Siu Nihm Tauh(Little Intent Head)
Siu Lihn Tauh (Little Drilling Beginning)
The Siu Nihm Tau form is played through two methods.
Siu Nihm Tauh is when the student learns the entire form and understands the principals, concepts, and theories. Also the student learns to focuse on how to be aware of Hei - "energy" ()
Siu Lihn Tauh represents the process of drilling the pieces. After the student has learned the form, he may then take out the individual techniques and use them to prove the principals and concepts taught within.
The term used for the stance is Yih Jih Kihm Yeuhng Mah - "two character press yang horse"()
Chahm Kiuh(Sink Bridge)
2) Advanced Chahm Kiuh translated literally means "sinking the bridge," but the true meaning of the term is to "destroy the bridge." The primary intent is to destroy the structure of the opponent. The scope of Chahm Kiuh relies mainly on the Saan Sahp Luhk Muhn Wihng Cheun Chahm Kiuh Faat - "36 ways to engage and destroy the opponent's structure" ( ) , along with the six different types of Wing Chun footwork.
Biu Ji(Thrust Finger)
2) Advanced Biu Ji translates literally as "thrusting fingers". Biu Ji is the deadly finger striking form that focuses on vital points in the human body. In advanced training of Biu Ji , the twelve major Wing Chun elbow striking techniques are emphasized.
Muhk Yahn Jong (Wood Person Post)
Leuhng Yih Jong Bin Faat(Two Change Post Angulate Method)
The Muhk Yahn Jong , also called the Leuhng Yih Jong , has two variations and two different lengths. The first form variation taught on the Muhk Yahn Jong is the Baat Jahn Touh - "8 directional" ( ) method consisting of 108 moves, and later extended to over 150 moves. The second variation for the advanced stages of learning of the Muhk Yahn Jong is Sahp Mihn Maaih Fuhk - "10 dimensional time/space strategies" ()
Chi Sau (Stick Hand)
Daan Chi Sau (Single Stick Hand) Fundamental chi sao training involving several different developmental phases in 3 categories.
Basic Daan Chi Sau 4 Stages
1) Develop Techniques, Concepts and Energy flow 2) Jaang Daai Lihk elbow 3) Correct Structure and use of Striking Point 4) Adapting and Changing
Standard Daan Chi Sau 4 Formats
1) Taan Sau Initial (Ngoih Jaht Sau) 2) Fuhk Sau Initial (Noih Jaht Sau) 3) Fuhk Sau Initial (Gum Sau) 4) Bong Sau Initial (Jaang Daai Lihk)
Crossing-Hand Daan Chi Sau Luhk Muhn Chi Sau (Six Gate Stick Hand)Double handed chi sao training - develops sensitivity
Saam Sin Chi Sau (Three Line Stick Hand)tilizes the three line concept - develops timing
Jiht Kiuh Chi Sau (Intercept Bridge Stick Hand)Bridge from chi sao training to fighting bridging skills
Saan Sau (Separate Hand)
Sup Yee Mouh Kiu (Twelve Touch Bridge) Contains 12 concepts, 3 techniques for each concept, creating a total of 36 techniques
Ngh Jahn Chiuh Mihn Jeui Yihng Five Battle Formation Facing Chasing Posture) Called the "Five Phases of Combat" - the five methods of facing and changing of combat:
Baai Jong(Place Post)Facing and Set Up
Jiht Kiuh(Intercept Post)Intercepting the bridge
Chahm Kiuh(Sink Bridge)Sinking the bridge
Jeui Yihng (Chase Posture) Chasing and dominating the superior position
Wuih Mah (Recover Horse) repositioning the horse for further attack
Luhk Dim Bun Gwan(Six Half Point Pole)
The first version learned uses a standard length pole while the second version utilizes a long pole, similar to the more commonly seen 6 ½ pole as used in other branches of Wing Chun Baat Jaam Döu (Eight Cut Knife)
Yih Jih Seung Dou(Two Character Double Knife)
Training in the knife entails practice and tactical development for knife against short weapon, middle length weapon, and long weapon.