Chum Kiu (Traditional Chinese: 尋橋; Simplified Chinese: 寻桥; pinyin: xún qiáo; Jyutping: cam4 kiu4; Yale: chàhm kiùh; literally means Searching for the Bridge or Sinking the Bridge) is the second Hand form, contained within the Wing Chun system.
Chum Kiu Takes the Body structure and Bridge methods of the Siu Lien Tao form, and adds Shifting, stepping and Kicking, to create a coherent fighting form.
In modern Wing Chun, the Chum Kiu form is the first taste of Footwork the practitioner experiances. In older systems of Wing Chun, Shifting and Footwork are introduced very early on, along side the basic training.
Chum Kiu is designed around How to properly Face your opponent. How to Bridge the Gap to the opponent and to Find There Bridge. Once found, you Join the Bridge . And than CHum Kiu teachs you how to Destroy the Bridge. The set focus on Disrupting the opponents C.O.G, while maintaining yours.The set also teachs how to amplify your power via Shifting.
The Chum Kiu set is known as the combat form for obvious reasons.
Some of the core Ideas found within the Chum Kiu Form are:
- Bridging the Gap to the Opponent
- Finding the Opponents Bridge
- Darp or Joining
- Po Kiu or Bridge breaking/destroying
- Use of 2 hands to do differant motions
- Use of 3 or more differant motions/energies to disrupt the opponents C.O.G
- Juen Mah or Shifting Horse
- Jin Mah/Bik Mah/Biu Mah or Arrow Horse/Pressing Horse/Darting Horse
- Gerk Faat or Kicking Method
- Close Quarter application
- Throwing Bong at 3 levels
- Lan Sau/Pai Jarn / Horizontal Hacking Elbow
- Siu Gwa Choi
- Dai Gwa Choi
- Seung Chum Kiu
- Gum Tai Choi